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Mild temperate steppe

Mild steppes are low-production, brittle environments. This steppe in southern New Mexico, U.S.A. averages 12" (300 mm) precipitation yearly.

Jim Howell
grazing cattle
Stock density: 400 dry cows on 250 acres (100 ha) for 3 days. As with cold steppe, use long recovery periods followed by short grazing periods at high stock densities to produce even forage utilization and well-distributed animal impact.
Jim Howell
short grass, bare spots
Growing season: Erratic and spread-out precipitation limits productivity. Mild temperatures create faster evaporation than on the cold steppe, further limiting usable moisture.
Jim Howell
short dry grass, much bare ground
Dormant season: Though biological productivity is low and recovery periods must be long, grazers must eventually return or standing dead growth will shade the plants' growth points.
Jim Howell
short plants, scant litter
Mild temperate steppe: soil surface in dormant season. As with the cold steppe, providing enough litter to protect the soil surface can be a challenge.